The guiding principle of axis 5 is the understanding of knowledge as a universal human right and a social public good in Latin America and the Caribbean. The generation, recognition and democratic transmission of knowledge are the mainstay of good living, sovereignty, emancipation and citizenship in the region. As such, they cannot be isolated from other fundamental rights such as cultural diversity and interculturality, sustainable development and the autonomy of educational institutions. In this sense, priorities such as the promotion of gender, ethnic-racial and ethnic and nationality equity in universal access to the science, technology and innovation system; the recovery, revalorization and protection of traditional and ancestral knowledge and its relationship with science; and the ethical and social responsibility of the higher education system as a driver of social, environmental, economic and cultural development are highlighted. 

The axis emphasizes measures aimed at democratizing access, use and exploitation of knowledge, considering them as common resources and public goods, such as the construction of inter-institutional knowledge networks with trans and interdisciplinary approaches, and the solidarity-based and responsible internationalization of science, technology and innovation within the framework of Latin American integration. In addition, reflection on innovation ecosystems and their contributions to society is emphasized, including the analysis of the modalities of knowledge transfer, open knowledge systems, intellectual property and mechanisms to ensure knowledge management oriented to the sovereign, free and collaborative construction of science.

Osvaldo Corrales, rector of the University of Valparaíso (Chile).

Another priority area of analysis is the need for new processes of evaluation, production and dissemination of knowledge, with standards of pertinence and relevance that take into account the environments and contexts of HEIs and academic communities. This includes bringing scientific research and innovation into dialogue with the arts, humanities and culture in the process of knowledge production with social commitment, recognizing that cultural sovereignty and regional integration depend on an integrating and pluralistic vision of academic and non-academic knowledge.

Axis 5 is led by the following consultants: Agustina Rodríguez Saá, Rector of the Universidad Nacional de los Comechingones, Argentina; Jorge Audy, Superintendent of Innovation and Development of the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Brazil; Osvaldo Corrales, Rector of the Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile; and René Ramírez Gallegos, Senior Researcher at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) and Director of the Institute of Production, Economics and Labor, Universidad Nacional de Lanus, Argentina.